Theorizing Human Information Systems Through the Postmodern Juxtaposition of Quantum Entanglements


  • Debra J. Borkovich Middle GA State University
  • Frederick Kohun Robert Morris University
  • Robert J. Skovira Robert Morris University



Human Information Systems, Quantum Entanglements, Pluralism, Postmodernism, Systems Theory, Critical Thinking, Knowledge Management


Purpose: In the context of  knowledge management, we argue that there is no singular way to understand our own reality because we are constantly entangled in a juxtaposed plurality of postmodern information systems. Humans define their realities and worldviews through culture, ethnicity, language, semiotics, systems of meanings, communities of practice, and other physical and sensory interpretations within information systems. But since multiple factors in time and space define  one's information systems, we theorize that alternative interpretive models exist for applications of the same situations  when perceived by others.

Study design/methodology/approach: We explored this inherent knowledge management phenomenon of human information systems entanglements through the literature review of respected scientists, theorists, academics, and philosophers; and herein present our theory of entangled human information systems.

Findings: Since all human information systems are dependent upon the continuous management of tacit and explicit knowledge, and the understandings and meanings of the individual experiencing the situation, they may be matrixed, nested, and overlapped with multiple information systems; and because they can        exist alone, apart, together, or at different times and places and survive, they are entangled. We theorize that similar to a movable quantum particle, human information systems are also entangled, superpositioned, and juxtaposed in two or more    states concurrently; and when interpreted and applied pluralistically, they create an infinite number of simultaneous human information systems in which we reside.

Originality/value: This qualitative approach to inquiry focuses upon understanding the construct of human information systems entanglements and their similarities to quantum entanglements, by exploring the “how” and “why” they occurs, rather than examining the “what” and “how many.”